PABGAHA. MATHU5X. 383 other traces of his name at Son, Sonsa and Sonoth. The ancestor of the pre- sent community was a Jat, by name Ahlad, whose five sous—Xsa, Ajal, Fiirna, Tasiha and Sahjua—divided their estate into as many separate shares, which still bear their names and are to all intents and purposes distinct villages, with the Sonkh bazar as their common centre. This lies immediately under the Khera, or site of the old fort, of which some crumbling walls and bastions still remain. It was built by a Jat named Hati Singh, in the time of Suraj Mall of Bharatpur, or Jawahir Singh ; but the khera itself must be many hun- dreds of years older. There are two market-places in it, the one belonging to Sahjua, the other to the Puma Zamindars. The market day for the former is Thursday, for the latter Monday. But a considerable amount of business is transacted every day of the week ; there being as many as 200 baniyas' shops and almost enough local trade to justify the incorporation of a Municipality. In Sahjua there are several extensive orchards of mango and her trees, with an octagonal stone chhattri (commemorating the grandfather of the present lum- berdar), and three masonry wells of exceptionally large dimensions ; all attest- ing the greater wealth and importance of the Jat proprietors during the short period of the Bharat-pur Hegemony. About a mile from the bazar, just across the Bharat-pur border, at a place called Gunsara, is a very fine masonry tank, worthy of a visit from any one in the neighbourhood, being on the same scale and in much the same style as the Kusum-Sarovar near Gobardhan. This was the work of the Rani Lakshmi, the consort of Kaja Randhir Sinh, who also built the beautiful kunj that bears her name on the bank of the Jaumn& at Brinda- ban. The tank was not quite completed at the time of her death, and, according to native custom, has never been touched since. Adjoining it is an extensive •walled garden overgrown with khirni and other trees that are sadly in need of thinning. In the centre is an elaborately carved stone plinth for a building that was designed but never executed. Though the population of Sonkh exceeds 4,000, the school has an attendance of no more than sixty pupils, of whom only six are the suns of the Jat zamindars. The five pattis stand as follows :— Name. Thoks. JLutnber-da-rs Wells. Population (1872). Ajal ...... 4 2 3 195 The Ajai thoks arc called tth&g- mall, Jagraj.Sirmaur, and Kunja. JCse ...... 2 5 7 380 &se is now divided into two dis- tinct niahals. Puma 2 2 6 1,104 Thp Puma thoks are named Kisana ftiid I^var. Sahjua ... S 4 15 2,017 The Suhjui ; Biiut-hi and Bewal. Tasiha 3 3 2 4t5 The Ta.siha; Taj, Urang and Total 13 10 33 4,111 Alanohar.